MAN curl (1) Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня (Free. BSD и Linux). curl offers a busload of useful tricks like proxy support, user.
HTTP post, SSL (https: ) connections, cookies, file. As you will see below, the amount of features will. See. You can specify multiple URLs or parts of URLs by writing part sets within. No nesting of the sequences is supported at the moment, but you can use. You can specify any amount of URLs on the command line. They will be fetched. Since curl 7. 1. 5.
Nth number or letter. If you specify URL without protocol: // prefix, curl will attempt to guess what.
It will then default to HTTP but try other protocols. For example, for host names starting. FTP. Curl will attempt to re- use connections for multiple file transfers, so that. This improves speed.
Of course this is only done on files. However, since curl displays data to the terminal by default, if you invoke. If you want a progress meter for HTTP POST or PUT requests, you need to. It is not the same case for FTP upload as that operation is not spitting out.
If you prefer a progress "bar" instead of the regular meter, - # is your. FTP) When used in an FTP upload, this will tell curl to append to the target. If the file doesn't exist, it will be created. If this option is used twice, the second one will disable append mode again. A/- -user- agent < agent string>. HTTP) Specify the User- Agent string to send to the HTTP server.
Some badly. done CGIs fail if its not set to "Mozilla/4. To encode blanks in the. This can also be set. H/- -header option of course. If this option is set more than once, the last one will be the one that's. HTTP) Tells curl to figure out authentication method by itself, and use the.
This is done by first. This is used instead of setting a specific authentication.
Note that using - -anyauth is not recommended if you do uploads from stdin. If the need should arise when uploading from stdin, the upload. If this option is used several times, the following occurrences make no. Pass the data to the HTTP server as a cookie. It is supposedly the.
Set- Cookie: " line. The data should be in the format "NAME1=VALUE1; NAME2=VALUE2". If no '=' letter is used in the line, it is treated as a filename to use to. Using this method also activates the "cookie parser" which will.
L/- -location option. The file format of the. HTTP headers or the Netscape/Mozilla. NOTE that the file specified with - b/- -cookie is only used as. No cookies will be stored in the file. To store cookies, use the. HTTP headers to a file.
D/- -dump- header! If this option is set more than once, the last one will be the one that's. Enable ASCII transfer when using FTP or LDAP. For FTP, this can also be. URL that ends with "; type=A".
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This option causes data. If this option is used twice, the second one will disable ASCII usage. HTTP) Tells curl to use HTTP Basic authentication. This is the default and. If this option is used several times, the following occurrences make no. SSL) Specifies which ciphers to use in the connection. The list of ciphers.
Read up on SSL cipher list details on this URL. If this option is used several times, the last one will override the others. HTTP) Request a compressed response using one of the algorithms libcurl. If this option is used and. Curl will report an error. If this option is used several times, each occurrence will toggle it on/off.
Прежде чем написать, как сделать программу передач, давайте edit_auth login password; # DVRs: # Remote sources : # Ingest streams.
Maximum time in seconds that you allow the connection to the server to take. This only limits the connection phase, once curl has connected this option is. See also the - m/- -max- time option. If this option is used several times, the last one will be used. Specify to which file you want curl to write all cookies after a completed.
Curl writes all cookies previously read from a specified file as. If no cookies are known. The file will be written using the Netscape cookie.
If you set the file name to a single dash, "- ", the cookies will. If the cookie jar can't be created or written to, the whole curl operation.
Using - v will get a warning. If this option is used several times, the last specified file name will be. C/- -continue- at < offset>. Continue/Resume a previous file transfer at the given offset. The given offset.
If used with. uploads, the ftp server command SIZE will not be used by curl. Use "- C - " to tell curl to automatically find out where/how to resume the. It then uses the given output/input files to figure that out.
If this option is used several times, the last one will be used. When used in conjunction with the - o option, curl will create the necessary.
This option creates the dirs mentioned. If the - o file name uses no dir or if the. To create remote directories when using FTP, try - -ftp- create- dirs. FTP) Convert LF to CRLF in upload. Useful for MVS (OS/3. If this option is used several times, the following occurrences make no.
HTTP) Sends the specified data in a POST request to the HTTP server, in a way. HTML form and pressed the submit. Note that the data is sent exactly as specified with no extra. The data is expected to be. This will cause curl to pass the data to the server using the. Compare to - F/- -form.
If. this option is used more than once on the same command line, the data pieces. Thus, using '- d. If you start the data with the letter @, the rest should be a file name to. The. contents of the file must already be url- encoded. Multiple files can also be. Posting data from a file named 'foobar' would thus be done with.
To post data purely binary, you should instead use the - -data- binary. If this option is used several times, the ones following the first will. HTTP) This is an alias for the - d/- -data option. If this option is used several times, the ones following the first will. HTTP) This posts data in a similar manner as - -data- ascii does. If you want to post a binary file without the strip- newlines feature of.
If this option is used several times, the ones following the first will. HTTP) Enables HTTP Digest authentication.
This is a authentication that. Use this in. combination with the normal - u/- -user option to set user name and.
See also - -ntlm, - -negotiate and - -anyauth for. If this option is used several times, the following occurrences make no. FTP) Tell curl to disable the use of the EPRT and LPRT commands when doing.
FTP transfers. Curl will normally always first attempt to use EPRT. LPRT before using PORT, but with this option, it will use PORT right. EPRT and LPRT are extensions to the original FTP protocol, may not work. PORT command. If this option is used several times, each occurrence will toggle this on/off. FTP) Tell curl to disable the use of the EPSV command when doing passive FTP. Curl will normally always first attempt to use EPSV before PASV.
EPSV. If this option is used several times, each occurrence will toggle this on/off. D/- -dump- header < file>.
Write the protocol headers to the specified file. This option is handy to use when you want to store the headers that a HTTP. Cookies from the headers could then be read in a second. The - c/- -cookie- jar.
When used on FTP, the ftp server response lines are considered being "headers". If this option is used several times, the last one will be used. URL>. (HTTP) Sends the "Referer Page" information to the HTTP server. This can also. be set with the - H/- -header flag of course. When used with. - L/- -location you can append "; auto" to the - -referer URL to make curl. URL when it follows a Location: header. The. "; auto" string can be used alone, even if you don't set an initial - -referer.
If this option is used several times, the last one will be used. Select the Open. SSL crypto engine to use for cipher. Use - -engine list to print a list of build- time supported. Note that not all (or none) of the engines may be available at.
RISC OS ONLY) Sets a range of environment variables, using the names the - w. If this option is used several times, each occurrence will toggle this on/off. HTTPS) Specify the path name to the Entropy Gathering Daemon socket. The. socket is used to seed the random engine for SSL connections. See also the. - -random- file option. E/- -cert < certificate[: password]>. Tells curl to use the specified certificate file when getting a file.
HTTPS. The certificate must be in PEM format. If the optional password isn't specified, it will be queried for on. Note that this certificate is the private key and the private. If this option is used several times, the last one will be used.
SSL) Tells curl what certificate type the provided certificate is in. PEM. DER and ENG are recognized types. If this option is used several times, the last one will be used.
CA certificate>. HTTPS) Tells curl to use the specified certificate file to verify the. The file may contain multiple CA certificates. The certificate(s) must. PEM format. curl recognizes the environment variable named 'CURL_CA_BUNDLE' if that is. CA cert bundle. This option. The windows version of curl will automatically look for a CA certs file named.
Current Working Directory, or in any folder along your PATH. If this option is used several times, the last one will be used. CA certificate directory>. HTTPS) Tells curl to use the specified certificate directory to verify the.
The certificates must be in PEM format, and the directory must have been. Using. - -capath can allow curl to make https connections much more efficiently. CA. If this option is used several times, the last one will be used. HTTP) Fail silently (no output at all) on server errors.
This is mostly done. In. normal cases when a HTTP server fails to deliver a document, it returns an. HTML document stating so (which often also describes why and more). This flag. will prevent curl from outputting that and return error 2. If this option is used twice, the second will again disable silent failure.
FTP) When an FTP server asks for "account data" after user name and password. ACCT command. (Added in. If this option is used twice, the second will override the previous use.
FTP) When an FTP URL/operation uses a path that doesn't currently exist on.